(*Chapter numbers refer to corresponding chapters in our Urdu Grammar Workbook for Beginners)
After a bit of a break, I am back with our next blog entry. Today we will have a look at adjectives. Adjectives are words that describes any nouns, e.g. people, places and objects.
Here are some examples of some of the most common adjectives in Urdu.
In Urdu, there are two types of adjectives – ones that never change and ones that change. The ones that never change are very easy to use, as the ending is always the same, not matter what noun you use it with. The ones that do change, you will need to add the correct ending according to the noun.
Adjectives that don’t change
Here are some example of adjectives that don’t change:
As you can see in the above example the adjective (dilchasp) always stays the same.
How do I know if the adjective will change or not?
Great questions! Unfortunately, there is no easy answer. Usually adjectives that end in “a” don’t change and adjectives that end in a some other consonant don’t. Also, colors usually don’t change. However, this is not an exact rule and there are many exceptions. So, in the end you will simply need to memorize which ones change and which ones don’t. My advice is to spend a lot of time listening to native speakers to get a feel for what is native-like.
Endings for adjectives that change
For the adjectives that do change, you will need to know (1) the gender (2) the number of the noun. If you are new to this topic, you might want to read my previous blog on gender & number right here.
These are the possible endings for adjectives:
And here come some examples:
If you have paid close attention, you will have noticed that there really are only three different endings, as the ending for feminine singular and plural are the same.