Blog, Grammar, Teaching Urdu, Urdu

Asking Open Question in Urdu

Chapter 3, Part 2 (*Chapter Numbers refer to our Urdu Grammar Workbook for Beginners)

Last week we looked at Yes/No questions in Urdu. Today I will show you how to form so-called “Open Questions”, i.e. questions that use question words.

Question Words

First of all, let’s look at some of the most common question words. In English most of them start with the letter “W” and are sometimes referred to “W-Questions”. In Urdu, conveniently, most of these question words start with the sound “k”.

Urdu Question Words

Forming Questions

To make a question, first think about what the answer might be.

E.g. if you want to ask “How are you?”, the answer might be “You are fine”. Now we will delete the  the information you are looking for (in this example sentence “fine”) (“You are ________”). And in a final step we add the appropriate question word: “You are what?” Now let’s look at the above example in Urdu:

Here are a few more examples:

Exception:

The only question word this doesn’t work with is the word “why” (kyun). For questions with “why” you simply put the question word directly after the pronoun. Sometimes it also comes at the beginning of the question.

Special note:

For the following question words, the word has to agree in number (i.e. singular/plural) and gender (i.e. masculine/feminine) with the noun.

Okay, this is it for today. Thank again for reading our blog. Please leave a comment below with any question you might have or suggestion for future blogs.

4 thoughts on “Asking Open Question in Urdu

  1. are their any speific rules to form questions in urdu
    for example we have tules to form question in urdu for example To make questions in english, we often put the verb before the subject
    and if question type is when; then we know it require date/year
    how many require number
    where require location etc
    Are there any such rules for urdu, where we can put what, why, when,how in urdu and predict ans type as well

    1. Hello Samreen,

      Those are very good questions. I have answered them in the above blog post. The “easy” answer is that the word order stays almost the same in Urdu for questions and for answers. E.g. if you want to ask “how are you?” in Urdu it would be literally “you how are”. Let me know if you have further questions.
      I suggest you do some practice activities e.g. with our online workbook: practice.urdulearner.com – Chapter 3 is all about questions.

      1. Hello sir
        but in urdu its ambigious what will be type of answer, for example just word ‘Kon” will expect answer type as person where as “konsi” will expect ans type as place .
        similary what should we expect answer type from word “kaisay” “kaise”,”kaisee” How do we know if for particular question word like (kab, kon ,kaisy , kyun , kahan) answer type can only be PERSON, PLACE, DATE,NUMBER, ORGANIZATION
        L

        1. Dear Samreen – thank you for your comment. Yes, you are right. When using “Open Questions” there can be many different type of answers. That is why they are called “Open Questions”. This is true for other languages as well, not just Urdu. For so-called “Closed Questions” you can refer to our Blog “http://urdulearner.com/urdu/how-to-make-yes-no-questions-in-urdu/”
          However, the question word does give you some indication of the answer: E.g. “Kon” is used for people; “kab” for time/date, “Kyun” for reason, “kahan” for lcoation/place, “kitne” for numbers. Some words are more broad (Kaise, konsa, kya). I hope this answers your questions.

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